With the gradual enhancement of China's social awareness of environmental protection, the development of the new energy vehicle industry to solve the shortage of oil resources, reduce air pollution key points, in the social demand, government support and private capital, China's new energy vehicle ownership reached 3.44 million vehicles, an increase of 72.9% year-on-year. Under the development of new energy vehicles, especially the tram policy of taxis and network-based vehicles, the development of charging piles has been promoted. China's public charging piles mainly rely on charging a fee to the owners of charging services to make a profit, easyJet Group, Creeda, Colu Electronics and other charging piles manufacturers have been successfully listed. However, at present, many places in many areas of the city, such as shopping malls underground parking lot has more idle charging piles, and some of the larger traffic places such as schools, hospitals around the problem of charging piles, queuing charging. The inadequate maintenance of electric vehicle charging facilities and the lack of service capacity are common problems in the charging pile operation industry. In August 2019, CCTV Media found that many users in the charging pile APP reflect similar charge pile damage, unusable, unmaintained complaints.
In 2018, China's private car ownership exceeded 200 million, up 12.0% year-on-year. Personalized consumption mode to promote the development of automotive custom modification industry. China's middle class accounted for 21.1% of the adult population in 2016, with the most important consumer areas being cars and automotive supplies. Facing the huge market potential of automotive custom modification industry, SAIC Chase launched the C2B intelligent mode, Changan Automobile launched the C2M model, by building the industrial chain, and strive to connect automotive users and manufacturers with a data-based platform. IiMedia Research research found that the current popularity of car customization modificationist is low, only 56.5% of netizens have heard of car customization, only 2% of users have purchased custom cars. Ai media consulting analysts believe that China is currently in the initial stage of automotive customization industry development, can basically meet the consumer's shallow customization, and the scale of production of automotive customization is not high, to further develop to decentralized production direction to meet the user's completely free customization needs.
Despite the decline in China's overall automobile production and sales in 2018, the sales volume of new energy vehicles in 2018 still maintained a high growth rate of 61.7%, which will bring about the renewal of the post-market of new vehicles such as power batteries. In 2018, China's second-hand car transaction volume reached 13.822 million, an increase of 11.5% year on year. More than 70% of the second-hand car transactions are over three years old. With the increase of vehicle ages, owners' demand for after-market services will show stronger growth. Saic motor, Beijing auto group and many other main engine plants set up a car maintenance chain system. Jd.com, Alibaba, Tencent and other Internet giants have entered the post-auto market across the border. In 2018, the market penetration rate of online automobile users reached 16.0%, and the growth rate of female car owners was rapid. Netizens in Jiangsu province paid the most attention to the topic of post-automobile market. Shanghai automotive maintenance line project growth fastest, up 120.3%. In the automotive supplies, the highest index for the search for decorative goods, consumers are most concerned about the automotive accessories, perfume and stickers. Among electronic products, auto data recorder attracts the most attention. In 2018, the market size of auto data recorder reaches 31.3 billion yuan, and nearly 60% of consumers purchase auto data recorder at more than 1000 yuan.
本报告研究涉及企业/品牌/案例：金溢科技，距离科技，万集科技，博通集成，E-ZPass, I-Pass, Fastrak, E-Pass, SunPass，工商银行，建设银行，农业银行，中国银行，交通银行，邮政储蓄，银联云闪付，支付宝，微信，中远海科，达华智能，星帅尔，数字政通，华铭智能，华信新材，楚天高速，环球网，新财富，时代周报
As car ownership has increasingly grown in China, problems, such as high-speed and urban road congestion and exhaust pollution, have become more and more apparent, and the government departments have promoted the development of ETC industry. The ETC system in developed countries, such as Portugal and Japan, started earlier and is currently in a stable period, while the Chinese ETC industry is relatively in a rapid development stage. In 2019, Chinese car ownership is expected to exceed 246 million, and the government aims to achieve 90% vehicle ETC loading by the end of 2019. iiMedia Consulting analysts believe that 2019 to 2020 will be a period for the concentrated outbreak of ETC industry in China, which will drive the development of related companies and the upstream and downstream businesses of industry chains. Due to the potential quality users behind ETC industry and ETC’s being a new entry point for the Internet of Vehicles, banks and third-party payment platforms are actively competing for this user market. However, it is worth noting that potential users still have doubts about ETC's information security and convenience, so it is necessary to improve their product acceptance. Besides, it is necessary to avoid improper competition that may be induced by the major financial institutions in the short term.
Under the combined influence of policy and the change of market consumption mind of car purchasing, the development of new car trade in China automobile market began to slow down. Sales in the first quarter of 2019 were only 6.37 million vehicles, decrease 11.32% from the same period of last year. Meanwhile, the volume of used car transactions increased by 11.46%, and the importance of used car transactions has been rising. Among all kinds of used car trading channels, the development of Internet used car auction platform is the most concerned. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, 35.9% of the interviewed used car seller had strong intention to sell used cars on the Internet used car platforms, while about 70% of the interviewed sellers were willing to try to use the Internet used car auction platform. For used car dealers, the Internet used car auction platform with abundant automobile resources is also their preferred channels to collect cars. Internet used car auction platform has great potential for development. It is expected to become the mainstream of used car industry in the future, but it still needs to improve the value standard system and enhance user experience.
With the advent of the “5G” era, the vehicle wireless communication technology (C-V2X) based on the evolution of 5G technology will greatly expand the application scenarios of the vehicle networking industry. In addition, the rapid development of artificial intelligence further promotes the maturity of driverless technology. The automotive industry will develop rapidly in the direction of intelligence and network. At the same time, the government has issued a number of policies to escort the development of the industry, and the automotive networking industry has broad prospects. According to iiMedia Research, the scale of China's car networking market in 2018 is 273 billion yuan, up 20.8% year-on-year. Under the two-wheel drive of technology and policy, the scale of the car networking market is growing faster. China's car networking is expected in 2020. The market size will exceed 400 billion yuan. As commercial vehicles are more affected by the regulatory policies and the commercialization efficiency of operating platforms, the demand for product intelligence is more urgent, so the Internet of Vehicles is expected to take the lead in the commercial vehicle field. Hopechart is one of the earliest companies engaged in assisted driving research in China. Its intelligent network equipment and other products are widely used in commercial vehicles, and its market position is stable. However, subject to its relatively weak R & D strength and dependence on large customers, there is still uncertainty about whether the company can grasp the growth of the industry.
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The sales of new car in china fell but the second-hand car has been rising and keeps good potential.2019Q1 China automobile sold 6.3 million yuan and it shows a descend trend. However, the second-hand cars sold 1.3 billion yuan, with the growth of 11.5%. At present, the amount of second-hand car does not reach 1/3 of the new car. In 2019, the second-hand car market can provide about 6.0 billion cars, which means developing second-hand car market will benefit the whole car market. The developed country has formed mature second-hand car market. In USA, the amount of second-hand car reached 3.8 billion in 2016, and 4S dealer accounted for the most market share, which is 37.0%.Japan exported 9.5 million cars in 2018,and Europe had 1.5 billion registered cars. Some countries along “One Belt And One Road“ have a large amount of demand for automobiles, among which southeast Asian countries and Russia have the largest demand for imported second-hand cars. 90% of imported vehicles in Myanmar and Cambodia are used cars every year. In 2018, the total sales volume of Chinese car brands in Russia's second-hand car market reached 80,500, up 8.5% year-on-year. The second-hand car market in other countries is not yet saturated. Due to the large gap of second-hand car market in countries along “One Belt And One Road“, it is conducive to the development of second-hand car export business in China.
中国汽车行业、金融行业以及政府政策共同保障并推动着汽车金融业的发展。iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，中国汽车金融业务贷款余额稳定上升，规模为由2013年的3倍增长到2017年的4倍以上且保持增长趋势。受奔驰汽车金融服务费事件的影响，汽车金融成为全社会关注的焦点，相关部门开始着手汽车金融行业整顿。目前，中国的汽车金融产业链基本完善，参与主体主要为汽车金融公司、融资租赁公司、互联网汽车金融公司、商业银行。iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，汽车金融用户较多选择汽车金融公司金融产品，约占比66.6%，汽车金融公司居市场主体地位。未来，汽车金融行业的发展趋势将体现在业务模式多元化、资金构成多元化以及技术手段多样化。
China's auto industry, financial industry and government policies jointly guarantee and promote the development of the auto finance industry. iiMedia Research data shows that the balance of China's auto finance business loans has steadily increased, and the scale has increased from 3 times in 2013 to 2017. More than 4 times of the year and keep growing. Affected by the Mercedes-Benz auto service fee incident, auto finance has become the focus of the whole society, and relevant departments have begun to rectify the auto finance industry. At present, China's auto finance industry chain is basically perfect, and the main participants are auto finance companies, financial leasing companies, Internet auto finance companies, and commercial banks. iiMedia Research data shows that auto finance users choose auto finance companies. Financial products accounted for approximately 66.6%, and auto finance companies were dominant in the market. In the future, the development trend of the auto finance industry will be reflected in the diversification of business models, the diversification of funds and the diversification of technical means.
Due to the development of new energy vehicle industry, the global power battery industry is developing rapidly. According to iiMedia Research, the global installed capacity of power batteries reached 92.5GWh in 2018, up 45.8% year on year. The market share of the world's top ten power battery enterprises reached 88.7%, and Ningde times, Panasonic and BYD have occupied the top three positions in the market for two consecutive years. Meanwhile, China's power battery industry has entered a stage of rapid development. In 2018, the scale of China's power battery market has exceeded 82 billion yuan, and China's power battery market is highly concentrated. The installed capacity of top ten enterprises has reached 83.2% of the total. As a derivative industry of the power battery industry, China's battery recycling industry is at the initial stage, and has formed two models of producer-led recycling and professional third-party recycling. In general, the automobile power battery industry presents four trends: first, the production and sales volume continue to grow rapidly, and the industry concentration increases in the competition; Second, the sales price of power battery system has been greatly reduced, and the upstream material has become a key factor; Third, the development of power battery is good, but the frequent occurrence of negative events is still worrying; Fourth, the recycling route of power batteries is becoming clearer, and the commercial system still needs to be improved.
随着中国手机地图地图在出行领域的深耕，用户对手机地图APP的依赖程度不断加深，逐渐成为大众生活的刚需工具。iiMedia Research (艾媒咨询)数据显示，2019年第一季度，手机地图头部APP高德地图和百度地图月活用户数量均超过3亿，双寡头格局稳定。预计2019年手机地图整体用户规模将达7.55亿。当前，中国居民的出行需求不断增加，由此衍生出的景区导览需求呈现出巨大的市场空间，吸引了行业玩家的目光，加剧了手机地图服务商对景区资源的争夺。除此之外，头部玩家也在加快布局自动驾驶领域，竞争不断升级。
With the in-depth exploration of Chinese mobile map manufacturers in the field of travel, users' dependence on mobile map APP is deepening, and it has gradually become a rigid tool for public life. According to iiMedia Research, in the first quarter of 2019, the number of monthly live users of App Gaud Map and Baidu Map in mobile map head exceeded 300 million, and the duopoly pattern was stable. It is estimated that the total number of mobile map users will reach 755 million in 2019. At present, the travel demand of Chinese residents is increasing, and the demand for scenic spot guides derived from this shows a huge market space, which attracts the attention of industry players, and intensifies the competition for scenic spot resources by mobile map service providers. In addition, head players are also accelerating the field of layout autopilot, and the competition is escalating.