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关于“知识产权”的报告

本报告研究涉及的企业/品牌/案例:大众汽车,丰田,中国石油,上汽集团,中国建筑,中国中铁,中国铁建,中兴通讯,中国交建,美的集团,中国电建,华为,联想集团,海尔集团,小米集团,北大方正集团,比亚迪,长虹,海信集团,京东,TCL集团,中国通号,澜起科技,华兴源创,杭可科技,嘉元科技,南微医学,天宜上佳,新脉医学,方邦股份,沃尔德

全球范围的研发投入主要集中在健康、汽车以及通信技术三个细分行业领域。美国企业亚马逊成为2018年全球研发投入最高的上市公司;欧盟国家中Volkswagen(大众汽车)的研发投入金额超过100亿欧元;日本方面,2018年丰田公司成为日本研发投入最多的企业。中国方面,中国上市企业研发在全球范围内的竞争力不断增强,截至2018年,中国上市企业中有145家企业入选全球创新企业1000强。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,汽车制造业成为诞生最多知识产权竞争力的行业,而软件服务行业则是研发强度最高的领域。未来中国科创的继续发展需要更完成的知识产权保护措施。具体企业方面,以华为、小米集团等为代表的中国百强企业对科技创新能力越来越重视,申请的专利达到38.8万件。但也要注意,目前中国企业研发投入领域过于集中,可能出现同质化倾向;同时,中国科创投入大门槛高,或将形成马太效应。

Global investment in research and development is focused on three sub-sectors: health, automotive and communications technology. Amazon, the Us., became the world's largest listed company in 2018; Volkswagen, the European Union' one, spent more than 10 billion euros; and Japan, Toyota, became the largest company in Japan in 2018. On the Chinese side, the research and development of Chinese listed companies is becoming more competitive globally, and by 2018, 145 of the Chinese listed companies were among the top 1000 global innovators. According to iiMedia Research, the automotive industry is the industry that has been the most competitive in intellectual property, while the software services industry is the most research and development sector. The continued development of China Science and Technology in the future requires more complete intellectual property protection measures. In terms of specific enterprises, China's top 100 enterprises, represented by Huawei and Xiaomi Group, have paid more and more attention to their technological innovation capabilities, with 388,000 patents filed. However, it should be noted that at present, Chinese enterprises are too concentrated in the field of research and development investment, there may be homogenization tendency, at the same time, China Science and Technology investment high threshold, or will form the Matthew effect.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌/案例:知果果,超凡,权大师,汇桔网,猪八戒,快法务,海尔,华为,格力,吉利控股,中国电子科技集团,中国航空,中兴通讯,UNITALEN,中国国际贸易促进委员会专利商标事务所,柳沈侓师事务所,三友知识产权,三环知识产权,中原信达知识产权,北京集佳,中国专利代理(香港),佰腾,快智慧,知呱呱,高沃,中细软集团,高通,爱立信,京东,百度,1号店,滴滴打车,小米,宁波上中下自动变速器有限公司,时代佳丽公司,贵州茅台,凤凰网,人民日报,新华社,南方日报,索尼,高通,诺基亚,三星,阿里巴巴,腾讯,美国美光,日本东芝,LG,松下

随着全球对知识产权的重视程度提高,中国近几年知识产权发展势头迅猛。2018年汽车制造业成为诞生最多知识产权竞争力百强企业的行业,其次为计算机、通信和其他电子设备制造业。北京、广东占绝对优势,分别拥有25.8%和16.7%的百强企业,中国知识产权发展有区域集中化趋势。同时,iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,83.7%的中国企业研发支出集中在500万元以下,超70%的企业研发占比低于10%,中国知识产权发展仍有较大发展空间。艾媒咨询分析师认为,以前是资助驱动、奖励驱动等知识产权以外的因素在推动IP市场,随着人工智能、大数据的不断发展,以后会逐渐过渡到技术驱动、创新投资驱动、内需驱动等内在因素驱动。

With the increasing emphasis on intellectual property worldwide, China's intellectual property development has developed rapidly in recent years. In 2018, automobile manufacturing industry became the industry which had the highest number of top 100 intellectual property companies in China, followed by computer, communications and other electronic equipment manufacturing industries. Beijing and Guangdong have absolute advantages, having 25.8% and 16.7% of the top 100 intellectual property companies respectively. The development of China's intellectual property has a regional concentration trend. According to data from iiMedia Research, 83.7% of Chinese companies' R&D expenditures are below 5 million yuan, and over 70% of the companies’ proportions of R&D is less than 10%. There is still much room for development of China's intellectual property. iiMedia Consulting analysts believe that factors such as subsidy and reward used to promote the market greatly. With the continuous development of artificial intelligence and big data technology, innovative investment, and domestic demand will become important elements to improve the market.

2019年4月视觉中国因黑洞及国旗国徽图片导致的版权维权争议事件,引发了公众对“版权碰瓷”这一企业行为的关注。事件发生后,视觉中国品牌形象一落千丈。艾媒大数据商情舆情监测系统数据显示,视觉中国的言值指数由4月10日的44.3降至4月16日的8.2,网络口碑呈现一面倒的负面态势。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,78.8%的受访企业认为,视觉中国的维权方式属于敲诈。而超过四分之三的受访企业解决版权纠纷耗时在3个月以上,且69.0%的受访企业认为处理“版权碰瓷”纠纷已对企业造成负担。企业滥用维权导致“版权碰瓷”现象愈加频繁,对于社会秩序已造成严重干扰,这类企业缺乏社会责任感的行为也引来公众愤慨之情,72.4%的受访网民认为行业频发的版权纠纷问题是涉事企业故意而为,38.3%的受访网民认为该类行为已触及公众底线。

In April 2019, the controversy over copyright protection of VisualChina caused by pictures of black holes and of national flag and emblem has triggered public concern about the corporate behavior of copyright infringement. After the dispute, the brand image of VisualChina fell sharply. As the data of iiMedia Public Opinion Monitoring System showed, the Yanzhi Index of VisualChina dropped from 44.3 on April 10th to 8.2 on April 16th, and its comments on the Internet showed a negative trend. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, 78.8% of the interviewed enterprises believed that the way of rights protection acts of VisualChina was blackmail. More than three quarters of the interviewed enterprises took more than three months to resolve copyright disputes, and 69.0% of the interviewed enterprises believed that dealing with copyright infringement disputes had caused a burden on enterprises. The abuse of rights of copyright protection by enterprises leads to the phenomenon of copyright infringement becoming more and more frequent, which has caused serious interference to social order. The lack of social responsibility of such enterprises has also aroused public outrage. 72.4% of the interviewed netizen think that the frequent copyright disputes in the industry are deliberately caused by the enterprises involved. 38.3% of the interviewed netizen think that such acts have touched the bottom line of the public.

2019年4月11日,视觉中国声称“黑洞”的版权归属该公司所有,其他公开使用需支付版权费用,这一言论及行为引发轩然大波。4月11日下午15时许,共青团中央发布微博质疑“国旗、国徽的版权也是贵公司的?”,将视觉中国推向舆论的风口浪尖;随后南京苏宁、百度、凤凰网科技、360清理大师、新浪游戏、贵州茅台等官方微博账号也纷纷跟进,质疑自己的Logo成为视觉中国版权。艾媒大数据商情舆情系统(yq.iimedia.cn)监测发现,北京、广东和上海地区最关注本次事件发展情况,视觉中国的言值指数由此前的44.3降至16.3,网络口碑呈现一面倒的负面态度,视觉中国品牌形象一落千丈;随着负面舆情持续发酵,图片版权问题成为热议。

On April 11, 2019, Visual China claimed that the copyright of “black hole“ belonged to their company, and other public should pay fees if they use this subject . This remark and behavior caused an uproar. At 15 o'clock on the afternoon of April 11, the Central Committee of the Communist Youth League issued a microblog questioning that “the copyright of the national flag and national emblem is also your company?“, pushing visual China to the cusp of public opinion; then Nanjing Suning, Baidu, Phoenix Network Technology, 360 Cleanup Master Official Sina Weibo accounts such as Sina Games and Guizhou Maotai have also followed up, questioning their logo as a visual Chinese copyright. iiMedia Public Opinion Consultation System (yq.iimedia.cn found that Beijing, Guangdong and Shanghai are most concerned about the development of this event. The visual China index has dropped to 16.3 from the previous 44.3, and the Internet word of mouth has been turned downside. The visual Chinese brand image has plummeted as the negative public sentiment continues to ferment, the picture copyright issue has become hotly debated.

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