The pension industry is a special comprehensive industry that is derived from the first, second and traditional tertiary industries and has obvious public, welfare and high profitability. At present, in the social insurance system for the aged care industry in Japan, there are three levels of national subsidies, employee pensions and individual pensions. There is also a special insurance system for the elderly medical insurance system and the insured insurance system. Among them, the development of the nursing system Most distinctive. According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare of Japan, in January 2019, the number of people receiving pension services through Medicare in Japan was 5.081 million, of which 3.81 million were receiving home care services. In the process of the continuous development of the Japanese pension industry, the formation of the elderly residential industry, pension financial industry, cultural life services, household services, welfare equipment supplies and other related industries has important reference significance for the development of China's pension industry.
In 2018, China's elderly (60 years & above) accounted for 16.1% of the total population, which means that China has entered an aging society. Pension finance has become a key factor in solving China's deep aging society. At present, China's pension financial system still has a big gap compared with developed countries. The commercial pension insurance in US accounts for 35.2% of the total, and its scale reaches 9.9 trillion dollars. However, the first pillar of pension finance in China is the basic pension insurance system, which accounts for nearly 80% of the entire pension system, with a scale of only 4.4 trillion yuan. At the same time, due to the low replacement rate of China’s first pillar of pension finance and the low coverage rate of the second pillar, more than 80% of Chinese nationals fail to meet their demand; The third pillar of pension finance in China has unique advantages in quickly identifying and responding to consumers' needs in a timely manner, and its basic needs are strong. According to data from iiMedia Research, the biggest preference for Chinese citizens is bank deposits and bank wealth management, which account for 30.2%, followed by commercial pension insurance products (20.5%), equity funds (13.2%), and purchase of real estate. (10.0%). iiMedia Consulting analysts believe that the popularity of Internet and mobile payment in recent years has greatly improved the convenience of accessing financial services for middle-aged and elderly people; the continuous improvement of financial technology based on big data and artificial intelligence analysis improves the science of pension investment. Financial technology becomes an important driving force for the rapid development of pension service finance in China. With the development of service-oriented government and PPP financing model, China's pension market will be further improved.