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关于“金融服务”的报告

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌/案例:新华保险,中国人寿,太平洋人寿,平安养老,新华人寿,太平养老,太平人寿,泰康养老,泰康人寿,阳光人寿,中信保诚,中意人寿,应答人寿,同仁堂,汤臣倍健,九州通,云南白药,国寿养老,华夏资金,工银瑞信,南方基金,渣打银行,宏利保险,建设银行,兴业银行,广发银行,天弘基金,光大银行,中信银行,招商银行,安邦保险

2018年,中国60岁以上老年人占总人口的16.1%,意味着中国已经进入深度老龄化社会,特别是养老金融成为了解决中国深度老龄化社会面临的关键问题。目前,中国养老金融体系与发达国家相比仍有较大差距,美国的商业养老保险占比35.2%,规模达到9.9万亿美元,而中国第一大支柱为基本养老保险制度,占到整个养老体系近80%,规模仅4.4万亿元。同时,由于中国的第一支柱基本养老保险替代率和第二支柱年金覆盖率低,超过8成中国国民未达资产储备预期,仅依靠第一和第二支柱无法满足当前的养老保障形势;而第三支柱在快速识别和及时响应消费者个性需求方面独具优势,基础需求旺盛。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,现阶段中国公民养老投资偏好最大的依然是银行存款或银行理财占30.2%,然后是商业养老保险产品(20.5%)、股票基金(13.2%)以及购买房产(10.0%)。艾媒咨询分析师认为,近年来互联网和移动支付的普及,大大提高了中老年人获取金融服务的便利性;基于大数据和人工智能分析的金融科技的持续进步,提升了养老金投资科学性和专业性,成为推动养老服务金融快速发展的重要动力;特别是随着服务型政府的建设推进、PPP融资模式的进一步发展,中国养老金融市场发展将更加完善。

  In 2018, China's elderly (60 years & above) accounted for 16.1% of the total population, which means that China has entered an aging society. Pension finance has become a key factor in solving China's deep aging society. At present, China's pension financial system still has a big gap compared with developed countries. The commercial pension insurance in US accounts for 35.2% of the total, and its scale reaches 9.9 trillion dollars. However, the first pillar of pension finance in China is the basic pension insurance system, which accounts for nearly 80% of the entire pension system, with a scale of only 4.4 trillion yuan. At the same time, due to the low replacement rate of China’s first pillar of pension finance and the low coverage rate of the second pillar, more than 80% of Chinese nationals fail to meet their demand; The third pillar of pension finance in China has unique advantages in quickly identifying and responding to consumers' needs in a timely manner, and its basic needs are strong. According to data from iiMedia Research, the biggest preference for Chinese citizens is bank deposits and bank wealth management, which account for 30.2%, followed by commercial pension insurance products (20.5%), equity funds (13.2%), and purchase of real estate. (10.0%). iiMedia Consulting analysts believe that the popularity of Internet and mobile payment in recent years has greatly improved the convenience of accessing financial services for middle-aged and elderly people; the continuous improvement of financial technology based on big data and artificial intelligence analysis improves the science of pension investment. Financial technology becomes an important driving force for the rapid development of pension service finance in China. With the development of service-oriented government and PPP financing model, China's pension market will be further improved.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌包括:拉卡拉、联想控股、微信、支付宝、VISA、西藏旅游、考拉金服、财付通、银联商务、通联支付、汇付天下、国付宝、智付、杉德支付、联动优势、银盛支付、卡友支付、付临门支付、随行付、易生支付、北京爱农驿站、易宝支付

C端支付行业饱和,B端支付增速放缓。C端支付市场,支付宝、财付通双寡头格局形成。艾媒北极星系统显示2019年2月支付宝月活跃用户数高达55,651.99万,稳居第一地位,排名第二的翼支付仅有支付宝的1/7,排名第八的拉卡拉支付仅为支付宝1/813倍。B端支付市场方面,2018年联网POS机和银行卡联网商户数达2,733万台和3,451万户,同比增长9.49%和5.42%,增速有所下滑。同时,第三方支付行业政策趋严,2018年,央行对第三方支付违规处罚力度空前。第三方支付机构至少收到2.03亿元处罚。但随着行业逐步规范化,中小支付机构运作成本增大,行业资源将向更加规范的头部企业聚集,与其他体量较小的支付机构拉开差距。

C-end payment industry saturated, B-end payment growth slowed down. Alipay and Cai Fu Tong formed a duopoly pattern in the C payment market. Polaris System of iiMedia shows that the number of active users of Alipay in February 2019 has reached 556.52 million, ranking the first place. Second is Wing Payment accounting for only 1/7 of Alipay's, while the eighth ranked Lakala only 1/813 times of Alipay's. As for the B-end payment market, the number of online POS machines and bank cards reached 27.33 million and 34.51 million in 2018, an increase of 9.49% and 5.42% over the same period of last year, and the growth rate declined slightly. At the same time, the third-party payment industry policy has become stricter. In 2018, the central bank imposed unprecedented penalties on third-party payment violations. Third-party payment agencies received at least 203 million yuan in penalties. However, with the gradual standardization of the industry, the operating costs of small and medium-sized Payment institutions increase, and industry resources will gather to more standardized head enterprises, which will open the gap with other smaller payment institutions.

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