Chinese catering industry has plunged due to the COVID-19. The catering revenue in the first quarter of 2020 was 602.63 billion yuan, falling 44.3% year on year. Catering businesses faced severe cost and cash flow pressure, with a significant decline in the number of businesses, which is expected to drop to 9.414 million in 2020. The epidemic has put forward higher requirements for business model and supply chain of catering businesses. In order to solve the cost and cash flow pressure, the catering industry actively launched the takeout business of group meal, contactless distribution, unmanned car distribution and vending machine by combining artificial intelligence and digital technology. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, 91.6% of businesses carried out takeout business and 71.8% of businesses launched contactless service. 39.6% of the interviewed netizens' consumption desire was reduced by the epidemic, and only 10.7% of the interviewed netizens believed that the preferential measures of businesses can stimulate consumption. The consumption desire for food and beverage was reduced during the epidemic, and preferential measures of merchants have no obvious effect on boosting consumption desire. In the future, the main development trends of China catering industry will be online and offline integration, business diversification and refinement.
2020年2月21日，全球知名的新经济产业第三方数据挖掘和分析机构iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询) 发布《2020年中国疫情影响下的“宅经济”发展及投资逻辑分析报告》。报告根据艾媒数据中心、艾媒咨询商业情报数据库、艾媒商情舆情数据监测系统基础数据，对2020年新冠病毒影响下的中国经济发展投资逻辑进行分析，特别对疫情利好的“宅经济”以及利空行业进行深度分析，以快递行业、在线娱乐、生鲜电商、在线教育、在线医疗、在线办公等行业案例，深入探究运行模式和发展趋势。2019年，21.3%宅家网民线上消费占总消费的比例在61%以上，宅家网民对线上消费依赖程度较高；77.1%宅家网民主要通过线上渠道进行娱乐，其中最受欢迎的是影视音乐，占比48.2%。艾媒咨询分析师认为，中国“宅经济”业态早已形成，但在2020年新春新冠状病毒疫情影响下，居民防疫隔离增加了宅在家里的时间，线上消费、线上娱乐需求增加，使得“宅经济”成为当前重要的经济发展模式。
In 2019, 21.3% of home netizens' online consumption accounted for more than 61% of total consumption, and home netizens rely heavily on online consumption; 77.1% of home netizens mainly used online channels for entertainment, the most popular of which Film and television music accounted for 48.2%. iiMedia Researchh analysts believe that China's "House Economy" format has long been formed, but under the influence of the New Year coronavirus epidemic in 2020, the quarantine of residents will increase the time spent at home, and online consumption and online entertainment demand will increase "House economy" has become an important economic development model.
iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，2018年中国数字经济占GDP比重达34.8%，其中服务业数字经济比重为35.9%，于2016年相比增长了6.3个百分点，在各行业中占比最高，增速最快。数字经济的蓬勃发展，推动着传统产业的改造提升，特别是生活服务行业，其数字化升级为中国经济发展增添了新动能。iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，预计2019年中国在线餐饮外卖市场规模达到2845.5亿元，生鲜电商市场规模达到1620.0亿元，互联网社区服务市场规模达到2316.1亿元，本地生活服务行业在数字化升级推动下，即将进入万亿元市场。而随着一二线城市本地生活服务市场竞争趋于白热化，未来下沉市场和场景拓展将成为本地生活平台竞争的焦点。
As the data of iiMedia Research showed, China digital economy accounted for 34.8% of GDP in 2018. The proportion of digital economy in service industry is 35.9% and increased by 6.3% compared with 2016, accounting for the highest proportion and fastest growth in all industries. The vigorous development of digital economy promotes the transformation and upgrading of traditional industries, especially the life service industry, whose digital upgrading has added new momentum to the economic development in China. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, it is estimated that the scale online take-out market in China will reach 284.55 billion yuan in 2019, the scale of fresh e-commerce market will reach 162.0 billion yuan, and the scale of Internet community service market is reaching 231.61 billion yuan. With the promotion of digital upgrading, the local life service industry will soon enter the trillion yuan market. With the fierce competition of the local life service market in the first and second tier cities, the sinking market and scenario expansion will become the focus of the competition of the local life service platforms in the future.
With the spread of New Retail concept, the immediate delivery service has been rapidly popularized. As it solve the in-city delivery problem which emerge in the traditional delivery services by opening up online-offline sales and establishing the short-distance logistics system, it has become an inevitable trend of commercial development. In 2018, the scale of China Immediate Delivery users continued to grow steadily. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of the users has reached 358 million, and expected to exceed 400 million in 2019. New retail business is undoubtedly an important growth point in the development of Immediate Delivery industry. The results of the survey for services used by immediate delivery users showed that, the proportion of users who had relatively ordered fresh fruits, daily necessities, flowers, documents and etc. are all greater than 20%. As for the new retail services, users who prefer other types of immediate delivery services, such as medicine delivery, increased by 106.1% compared with the one in the first quarter of 2017.
After several years of rapid development in China's take-out market, the take-away industrial chain has gradually improved, and the market has gradually matured. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of China's take-out users increased by 17.4% in 2018 compared with 2017 and reached 358 million people. The scale of the take-out market in 2018 exceeded 240 billion yuan, and its market development has entered a period of steady growth. The “new consumption“ has brought new development opportunities to the take-out industry. In 2018, the take-out quality has been upgraded. In the fourth quarter of 2018, the customer-selling orders more than 40 yuan accounted for 32.9%; the distribution heart of China’s online take-out users is moving to the third-tier and fourth-tier cities. The proportion of users in first-tier cities decreased by 6.0%, and the decline was obvious. The proportion of users in the third-tier and fourth-tier cities increased by 5.8%, which became a new driving force for the growth of the take-out market. The future development trends of take-out industry may be the local differentiation and the extension of take-out service crowd and scene.
With the rapid development of the New Retail Industry and the increasing demand for the speed of distribution, the Immediate Distribution services has become a standard service for the enterprises and the consumers. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of orders in China’s Immediate Distribution Industry has increased to 5.593 billion. At present, the orders in Immediate Distribution Industry are still concentrated in developed cities, 46.0% of the orders are from first-tier cities. But with the further development of the logistics efficiency, the importance of the market in non-first-tier cities will become increasingly prominent in the future.
As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of Chinese online take-out members reached more than 80 million in 2018. Among them, Eleme super member are showing strong consumption ability and higher intention for the quality take-out. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, 80% of the Eleme super members intend to order quality take-out.The paid membership business representing high-quality goods and services can bring value-added services and upgrade experiences to consumers. The paid membership business will grow at a high speed and become the development trend of the online catering and take-out platform industry.