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关于“APP”的报告

中国移动互联网成熟的发展模式,以及中国品牌智能终端在海外话语权进一步提升,为APP出海发展创造了机遇。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,2019年中国短视频市场规模达到245.8亿元。短视频行业的快速发展也使中国诞生一批具备竞争力的产品,在海外市场收获良好表现,快手、字节跳动等短视频典型企业在2020上半年均有相关产品进军海外市场。但近期海外国家对中国应用的下架和禁令风波也暴露了中国移动应用出海面临的政治风险,面对美国颁布的微信禁令,仅不足一成非苹果手机用户会在禁令实施后购买苹果手机。移动应用出海面对的非市场因素影响,需要做好长期发展规划,加强对发展中国家的布局,走农村包围城市道路发展。

The mature development mode of China Mobile Internet Industry and the further promotion of discourse power of Chinese intelligent terminals in the global market have created opportunities for the development of APPs in overseas markets. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the market scale of China Short Video Industry reached 24.58 billion yuan in 2019. The rapid development of Short Video industry has also brought a batch of competitive products in China, and has achieved good results in overseas market. Typical enterprises in Short Video industry such as Kuaishou and Bytedance had also launched products in overseas market in the first half of 2020. However, recent bans on China mobile APPs by foreign countries had exposed the political risks of overseas development. Facing with the ban on Wechat by US government, merely less than 10% of the non-Apple mobile phone users will buy the Apple smartphone if it is implemented. Due to the influence of non-market factors, mobile APPs need make a long-term development planning, strengthen the layout of developing countries, and take on the strategy of encircling the cities from the rural areas.

本报告提及企业/品牌:淘宝,拼多多,QQ,微博,工行融e联,京东金融,携程旅行,高德地图,抖音,快手,新浪新闻,咪咕阅读,芒果TV,腾讯视频,虎牙直播

APP违规索权仍比较普遍,iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,97.0%的APP默认调用相机权限,35.0%的APP默认调用读取联系人权限。其中,移动社交类和短视频类APP调用联系人读取权限情况较为突出、移动理财读类APP调用拨打电话权限用情况较为严重。
中国手机网民隐私保护意识虽然有所提升,过半手机网民主动辨别APP权限调用,但在APP隐私条款方面较被动。艾媒咨询分析师认为,规范条例加快落地的同时,用户需重视手机隐私权限管理,及时维护个人隐私权益,运营者也须重视数据安全及用户隐私管理。

The illegal claims of app are still common. According to the data of iiMedia Research, 97.0% of APP calls camera permission by default, and 35.0% of APP calls read contact permission by default. Among them, the access of mobile social and short video app to call contacts is more prominent, and the access of mobile financial reading app to call calls is more serious.Although the awareness of privacy protection of mobile Internet users in China has been improved,more than half of the mobile Internet users take the initiative to identify app permission calls, they are relatively passive in terms of APP privacy terms. iiMedia Research analysts believe that, while speeding up the implementation of the regulations, users need to pay attention to the management of mobile phone privacy rights and interests, timely maintain personal privacy rights and interests, and operators also need to pay attention to data security and user privacy management.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌/案例:欧瑞博,深网视界,哔哩哔哩公司,人民日报,央广网,央视网,中央网信办,工信部,公安部,市场监管总局
近年来,移动互联网应用程序(APP)得到广泛应用,在促进经济社会发展、服务民生等方面发挥了重要作用。同时,APP强制授权、过度索权、超范围收集个人信息等现象也大量存在,违法违规使用个人信息的问题十分突出,成为全社会普遍担忧的问题。中国个人信息泄露事件屡屡见诸报道,由于APP过度收集用户个人信息,大范围个人信息泄露引发了一系列违法犯罪行为。不法分子通过各种途径收集被泄露出去的个人信息,经过筛选分析用户特征,从事恶意注册账号、电信诈骗甚至绑架勒索等精准犯罪活动,严重威胁用户的生命财产安全。
In recent years, mobile Internet applications (APPs) have been widely used and played an important role in promoting economic and social development and serving people's livelihood. At the same time, the phenomenon of compulsory authorization of APPs, excessive claims, and collection of personal information beyond the scope also exists in large numbers. The problem of using personal information in violation of laws and regulations is very prominent and has become a widespread concern in society. China's personal information leakage incidents have been repeatedly reported. Due to the excessive collection of users' personal information by APPs, a wide range of personal information leakage has triggered a series of illegal and criminal acts. The criminals collected the leaked personal information through various channels, screened and analyzed user characteristics, engaged in malicious criminal account registration, telecommunications fraud, and even kidnapping and extortion, which seriously threatened the lives and property of users.

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