2020年4月30日，全球知名的新经济产业第三方数据挖掘和分析机构iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询) 发布《2020H1中国酒店行业运行数据监测及标杆企业品牌研究报告》。报告根据艾媒数据中心、艾媒咨询商业情报数据库、艾媒商情舆情数据监测系统基础数据，对高端、中端、单体酒店和民宿等各类中国酒店行业进行全面分析，对锦江、全季、OYO、途家等品牌进行典型案例解读，以此分析直播电商的产品特性以及品牌方的发展趋势，判断2020-2021年中国酒店行业的发展趋势。受到本次疫情影响，中国酒店行业面临巨大危机，中端酒店体现了较好的灵活抗压能力，在未来的酒店消费升级市场中将具有一定的优势。而在疫情影响下，单体酒店、民宿营收严重下滑，行业或将面临重新洗牌。
Data show that in 2019, the number of domestic tourists in China increased by 8.40% year-on-year to 6,006 million. However, the new crown outbreak in 2020 will end the trend of hotel revenue growth and have a huge impact on the hospitality industry. Data show that in the first quarter of 2020, the entire hotel industry has been hit hard, the long-held small and medium-sized hotels will suffer a more severe impact.
受新冠疫情影响，中国在线酒店预订市场遭受巨大冲击，总体营业额、房价及酒店入住率在2020年第一季度有较明显下滑。随着疫情好转，国内旅游市场逐渐复苏，“五一”期间总出行人数及总收入已达到同期的60%和40%，且据调查显示，消费者的出行意愿也在逐渐加强。总体来看，后疫情时期，旅游市场将呈现出四大“新常态 ”。首先，安心出游成为疫情之下网民出游最基本需求。其次，受安心需求影响，本地本省游成为网民最主要出游需求，而出游网民中，年轻群体则成为出游及酒店预订主力人群。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示，在已出游的受访网民中，35岁以下人群占比61.4%，且出游地点以短途游为主，占比达57.8%。此外，景区门票也开始取代飞机票、火车票成为酒店预订主要流量入口。
Affected by the COVID-19, China's Hotel Booking market has been severely hit. Hotel turnover, room prices and hotel occupancy rate have declined significantly in the first quarter of 2020.Now China's domestic tourism market gradually wakes up. During the May Day, the number of tourists and incomes have reached 60% and 40% of the same period. In addition, according to the survey, consumers' willingness to travel is also gradually increasing. During the epidemic situation, the tourism market show four "new normal". First of all, security is the basic demand for people to travel. Secondly, considering security, local tourists increase. In addition, among the travelling netizens, the young men has become the main group. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, 61.4% of the interviewed users who have traveled were under the age of 35, and 57.8% of them preferred short-distance travel. Besides, tickets to the tourist attractions began to replace air and train tickets as the main flow entrance for hotel bookings.
目前中国在线酒店预订行业正处于快速发展阶段，虽然其发展情况与欧美发达国家相比仍有差距，但存在着巨大的市场潜力。iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，超八成中国在线酒店预订用户处于18-39岁阶段，结构呈现年轻化特征，年轻用户及新旅游人口开始成为行业的重要增长引擎。另一方面，三线及以下城市用户占比达三成，下沉市场用户量大，且具备较强的消费意愿和能力，但目前在线化率仅为19.6%，市场仍有巨大开发空间，其发展对于行业的影响也将不断扩大。多方因素影响下，中国在线酒店预订行业的发展呈现良好势头。iiMedia Research（艾媒咨询）数据显示，中国在线酒店预订间夜量规模正逐年扩大，2019年有望突破9亿。
At present, China Online Hotel Reservation Industry is in a rapid development stage. Although its development is still behind that of developed countries in Western countries, there is still huge market potential. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, over 80% of China Online Hotel Reservation users are in the stage of 18-39 years old, with a younger structure, Young users and the new travel population has become an important growth engine for the industry. On the other hand, 30% of China Online Hotel Reservation users are from the third-tier and below cities, the scale of the users in the sinking market is large, and they have strong willingness and ability to consume. However, by far the online penetration rate of the sinking cities is only 19.6%, the market still has a huge development space, and the impact of its development on the industry will continue to expand. Under the influence of various factors, the development of China Online Hotel Reservation Industry shows a good momentum. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of China Online Hotel Reservation room nights is expanding year by year, and it is expected to exceed 900 million in 2019.
Urbanization has caused the city to gather a relatively large number of floating populations. Apartment leasing has become a necessary demand for this group; especially among the white-collar workers, 43.0% of white-collar workers have expressed the possibility of accepting the lifestyle of renting a house without buying a house. In particular, the long-rental apartment market in first-tier cities has been basically popularized. The occupancy rates of long-term rental apartments in Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou and Shenzhen have reached 93.0%, 89.0%, 95.0% and 96.0% respectively. iiMedia Research found that long-term rental apartments are favored by capital. Real estate developers, real estate service agencies, Internet capital and hotel service groups have entered the long-term rental apartment industry, forming a brand of parking, free, YOU+ international youth. But they are highly competitive. iiMedia Research analysts believe that the long-term rental apartment industry is still in the exploration stage of multiple operating modes. The major brands have not formed a relatively fixed market structure for the time being. The price/performance ratio is the focus of the long-term rental apartment in the second half. Service and technology will become the important development direction of long-term rental apartments in the future.
The 2017 hotel industry's profit rate was only 1%, down 9.1% from the previous year, and the hotel industry is building new business and transforming into a large accommodation industry. iiMedia Reserach Big data monitoring shows that in 2018, the overall supply of Chinese hotels in the room growth rate reached 10.2%, the mid-end hotel rooms with 15.7% supply growth rate of the first hotel in all grades. At the same time, tourism as the main scene, Airbnb as the representative of the online short-rent platform gradually won the favor of consumers. At present, mid-end hotel has become the main body of development, the development of high-end hotels will pay more attention to the subdivision of personal consumption needs, to provide personalized and high-quality services. At the same time, the residential sharing model with Chinese characteristics will continue to innovate and develop. Investors should be in view of the development characteristics of different grades of hotels, consider the hotel on the market input of the difference strategy and other factors to invest.
As the data of iiMedia Research showed, the scale of online short-term rental users has reached 147 million people, showing an increase of 83.0% over 2017, and the scale is expected to exceed 300 million in 2020. However, the rapid development of the house-rental market is prone to disputes as it involves multiple interests, and there are still a lot of problems. As the data of iiMedia Research showed, more than a half of the interviewed users had experienced long-term apartment rental disputes.