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关于“科创板”的报告

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌包括:和舰芯片、联华电子、厦门联芯、富拉凯咨询、橡木联合、台积电、中芯国际、三星、格罗方德

集成电路为信息产业的基础。中国虽为全球最大半导体市场,但国产率低,核心芯片极度缺乏。根据 IC Insights 统计资料,2018年中国集成电路自给率仅为15.35%。中国政府给予集成电路行业大力的政策支持及税收减免。2016-2018年和舰芯片收到共计52亿元的政府补助,2019年成为首家成功受理的台资晶圆代工企业。然而,芯片制造属于典型的资金密集型行业,和舰芯片在过去三年主要投入28nm工艺集成电路生产线的研发生产,投资额约50亿美元,目前仍处于亏损状态。根据艾媒咨询测算,和舰芯片主要固定资产和专有技术使用权成新率在60%以上,未来3年内的折旧摊销将依然巨大,难以盈利。且受限台湾半导体政策,和舰芯片技术落后台湾母公司一代,落后台积电两代,更将面临28nm制程激烈的市场竞争。

Integrated circuits are the foundation of the information industry. Although China is the world's largest semiconductor market, the country's productivity is low and core chips are extremely scarce. According to IC Insights statistics, China's IC self-sufficiency rate was only 15.35% in 2018. The Chinese government has given strong policy support and tax relief to the IC industry. In 2016-2018, HeJian received a total of 5.2 billion yuan in government subsidies. In 2019, HeJian became the first Taiwan-funded foundry company to be successfully accepted by the science and technology innovation board. However, chip manufacturing is a typical capital-intensive industry. In the past three years, HeJian has mainly invested in the research and development of 28nm process integrated circuit production lines, with an investment of about 5 billion US dollars, and is still in a deficit state. According to iiMedia Research, the newness rate of the main fixed assets and proprietary technology of HeJian is above 60%. Depreciation and amortization will remain huge in the next three years, making it difficult to make a profit. And limited by Taiwan's semiconductor policy, HeJian’s technology lags behind Taiwan's parent company by one generation and TSMC by two generations.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌包括:科前生物、安翰科技、和舰芯片、容百科技、利元亨、江苏北人、天奈科技、睿创微纳、晶晨股份、贝斯达、华兴源创、微芯生物、特宝生物、国盾量子、虹软科技、世纪空间、光峰科技、福光股份、鸿泉物联、木瓜移动、优刻得、博众精工、创鑫激光、聚辰股份、海尔生物、天准科技、晶丰明源、申联生物、南微医学、美迪西、紫晶存储、苑东生物、恒安嘉新、乐鑫科技、龙软科技、杰普特、热景生物、瀚川智能、威胜信息、安博通、铂力特、视联动力、博瑞医药

2019年3月份科创板受理的企业包括:科前生物、安翰科技、和舰芯片、容百科技、利元亨、江苏北人、天奈科技、睿创微纳、晶晨股份、贝斯达、华兴源创、微芯生物、特宝生物、国盾量子、虹软科技、世纪空间、光峰科技、福光股份、鸿泉物联、木瓜移动等 2019年4月份受理的企业包括:优刻得、博众精工、创鑫激光、聚辰股份、海尔生物、天准科技、晶丰明源、申联生物、南微医学、美迪西、紫晶存储、苑东生物、恒安嘉新、乐鑫科技、龙软科技、杰普特、热景生物、瀚川智能、威胜信息、安博通、铂力特、视联动力、博瑞医药等,相应的重点影子股包括: TCL集团、华域汽车、天风证券、通化东宝、千方科技等。

In March and April 2019, the science and technology innovation board accepted the following enterprises: Wuhan Keqian Biology Co,Ltd, Ankon Technologies Co. Ltd, Hejian Technology (Suzhou) Co, Ltd, Ningbo Ronbay New Energy Technology Co, Ltd, Guangdong Lyric Robot Automation Co, Ltd, Jiangsu Beiren Robot System Co,Ltd, Jiangsu Cnano Technology Co, Ltd,Raytron Technology Co,Ltd,Amlogic (Shanghai) Co,Ltd, Shenzhen Basda Medical Apparatus Co,Ltd,Suzhou Hyc Technology Co,Ltd , etc. In April 2019, the science and technology innovation board accepted the following enterprises: Montage Technology Co, Ltd, UCloud Technology Co, Ltd, Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co,Ltd, Shanghai Shen Lian Biomedical Corporation, Shanghai Bright Power Semiconductor Co, Ltd, Suzhou Tztek Technology Co,Ltd, Giantec Semiconductor Corporation, QINGDAO HAIER BIOMEDICAL CO, LTD. , MAXPHOTONICS Co, Ltd, Amethystum Storage Technology Co,Ltd , etc.

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