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关于“科创板”的报告

本报告研究涉及的企业/品牌/案例:大众汽车,丰田,中国石油,上汽集团,中国建筑,中国中铁,中国铁建,中兴通讯,中国交建,美的集团,中国电建,华为,联想集团,海尔集团,小米集团,北大方正集团,比亚迪,长虹,海信集团,京东,TCL集团,中国通号,澜起科技,华兴源创,杭可科技,嘉元科技,南微医学,天宜上佳,新脉医学,方邦股份,沃尔德

全球范围的研发投入主要集中在健康、汽车以及通信技术三个细分行业领域。美国企业亚马逊成为2018年全球研发投入最高的上市公司;欧盟国家中Volkswagen(大众汽车)的研发投入金额超过100亿欧元;日本方面,2018年丰田公司成为日本研发投入最多的企业。中国方面,中国上市企业研发在全球范围内的竞争力不断增强,截至2018年,中国上市企业中有145家企业入选全球创新企业1000强。iiMedia Research(艾媒咨询)数据显示,汽车制造业成为诞生最多知识产权竞争力的行业,而软件服务行业则是研发强度最高的领域。未来中国科创的继续发展需要更完成的知识产权保护措施。具体企业方面,以华为、小米集团等为代表的中国百强企业对科技创新能力越来越重视,申请的专利达到38.8万件。但也要注意,目前中国企业研发投入领域过于集中,可能出现同质化倾向;同时,中国科创投入大门槛高,或将形成马太效应。

Global investment in research and development is focused on three sub-sectors: health, automotive and communications technology. Amazon, the Us., became the world's largest listed company in 2018; Volkswagen, the European Union' one, spent more than 10 billion euros; and Japan, Toyota, became the largest company in Japan in 2018. On the Chinese side, the research and development of Chinese listed companies is becoming more competitive globally, and by 2018, 145 of the Chinese listed companies were among the top 1000 global innovators. According to iiMedia Research, the automotive industry is the industry that has been the most competitive in intellectual property, while the software services industry is the most research and development sector. The continued development of China Science and Technology in the future requires more complete intellectual property protection measures. In terms of specific enterprises, China's top 100 enterprises, represented by Huawei and Xiaomi Group, have paid more and more attention to their technological innovation capabilities, with 388,000 patents filed. However, it should be noted that at present, Chinese enterprises are too concentrated in the field of research and development investment, there may be homogenization tendency, at the same time, China Science and Technology investment high threshold, or will form the Matthew effect.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌包括:和舰芯片、联华电子、厦门联芯、富拉凯咨询、橡木联合、台积电、中芯国际、三星、格罗方德

集成电路为信息产业的基础。中国虽为全球最大半导体市场,但国产率低,核心芯片极度缺乏。根据 IC Insights 统计资料,2018年中国集成电路自给率仅为15.35%。中国政府给予集成电路行业大力的政策支持及税收减免。2016-2018年和舰芯片收到共计52亿元的政府补助,2019年成为首家成功受理的台资晶圆代工企业。然而,芯片制造属于典型的资金密集型行业,和舰芯片在过去三年主要投入28nm工艺集成电路生产线的研发生产,投资额约50亿美元,目前仍处于亏损状态。根据艾媒咨询测算,和舰芯片主要固定资产和专有技术使用权成新率在60%以上,未来3年内的折旧摊销将依然巨大,难以盈利。且受限台湾半导体政策,和舰芯片技术落后台湾母公司一代,落后台积电两代,更将面临28nm制程激烈的市场竞争。

Integrated circuits are the foundation of the information industry. Although China is the world's largest semiconductor market, the country's productivity is low and core chips are extremely scarce. According to IC Insights statistics, China's IC self-sufficiency rate was only 15.35% in 2018. The Chinese government has given strong policy support and tax relief to the IC industry. In 2016-2018, HeJian received a total of 5.2 billion yuan in government subsidies. In 2019, HeJian became the first Taiwan-funded foundry company to be successfully accepted by the science and technology innovation board. However, chip manufacturing is a typical capital-intensive industry. In the past three years, HeJian has mainly invested in the research and development of 28nm process integrated circuit production lines, with an investment of about 5 billion US dollars, and is still in a deficit state. According to iiMedia Research, the newness rate of the main fixed assets and proprietary technology of HeJian is above 60%. Depreciation and amortization will remain huge in the next three years, making it difficult to make a profit. And limited by Taiwan's semiconductor policy, HeJian’s technology lags behind Taiwan's parent company by one generation and TSMC by two generations.

本报告研究涉及企业/品牌包括:科前生物、安翰科技、和舰芯片、容百科技、利元亨、江苏北人、天奈科技、睿创微纳、晶晨股份、贝斯达、华兴源创、微芯生物、特宝生物、国盾量子、虹软科技、世纪空间、光峰科技、福光股份、鸿泉物联、木瓜移动、优刻得、博众精工、创鑫激光、聚辰股份、海尔生物、天准科技、晶丰明源、申联生物、南微医学、美迪西、紫晶存储、苑东生物、恒安嘉新、乐鑫科技、龙软科技、杰普特、热景生物、瀚川智能、威胜信息、安博通、铂力特、视联动力、博瑞医药

2019年3月份科创板受理的企业包括:科前生物、安翰科技、和舰芯片、容百科技、利元亨、江苏北人、天奈科技、睿创微纳、晶晨股份、贝斯达、华兴源创、微芯生物、特宝生物、国盾量子、虹软科技、世纪空间、光峰科技、福光股份、鸿泉物联、木瓜移动等 2019年4月份受理的企业包括:优刻得、博众精工、创鑫激光、聚辰股份、海尔生物、天准科技、晶丰明源、申联生物、南微医学、美迪西、紫晶存储、苑东生物、恒安嘉新、乐鑫科技、龙软科技、杰普特、热景生物、瀚川智能、威胜信息、安博通、铂力特、视联动力、博瑞医药等,相应的重点影子股包括: TCL集团、华域汽车、天风证券、通化东宝、千方科技等。

In March and April 2019, the science and technology innovation board accepted the following enterprises: Wuhan Keqian Biology Co,Ltd, Ankon Technologies Co. Ltd, Hejian Technology (Suzhou) Co, Ltd, Ningbo Ronbay New Energy Technology Co, Ltd, Guangdong Lyric Robot Automation Co, Ltd, Jiangsu Beiren Robot System Co,Ltd, Jiangsu Cnano Technology Co, Ltd,Raytron Technology Co,Ltd,Amlogic (Shanghai) Co,Ltd, Shenzhen Basda Medical Apparatus Co,Ltd,Suzhou Hyc Technology Co,Ltd , etc. In April 2019, the science and technology innovation board accepted the following enterprises: Montage Technology Co, Ltd, UCloud Technology Co, Ltd, Bozhon Precision Industry Technology Co,Ltd, Shanghai Shen Lian Biomedical Corporation, Shanghai Bright Power Semiconductor Co, Ltd, Suzhou Tztek Technology Co,Ltd, Giantec Semiconductor Corporation, QINGDAO HAIER BIOMEDICAL CO, LTD. , MAXPHOTONICS Co, Ltd, Amethystum Storage Technology Co,Ltd , etc.

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